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How to Replace a Baking Element of an Electric Range

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The baking elements are resister wires made of nickel and chromium. The wire is covered with sheath containing magnesium oxide. They are bent into rectangular or some other shapes to distribute heat uniformly. The two ends of the long wire form the terminals for the baking element. The terminals of the baking element are connected to the electric wires coming from the oven switch. When the switch is turned ON, electricity flows through the baking element and creates heat because of high resistance in the baking element wire. If testing on the baking element shows that the element is bad, you need to replace it. You can follow the steps below to replace the baking element.

  1. 1 Take precaution: Turn off the power source by putting the control panel switch at OFF position or pulling out the fuse for the range. Unplug the power cord if there is any. Be absolutely sure that the range is not getting power by turning ON the switches for each heating element (baking, broiling, surface, etc). With the power OFF and the switches of the elements ON, wait for about three minutes. Put your hand close to the heating elements; avoid touching the heating elements. You should not feel any heat if power is completely OFF. Turn the switches at OFF position.
  2. 2 Remove baking element: You can skip this section if you already removed the baking element for testing. The baking element can be removed with the door in place. However, removing the door will make it easier for working with the baking element. Open the door and remove the racks. Remove the screws by using a screw driver. Pull the baking element gently until you see the terminals and wires connected to them. Label the wires using masking tape indicating which terminals they connect. Remove each wire separately from the baking element terminal by using screw driver or by disconnecting the connector. Attach the end of the wire using tapes so that it does not fall through the hole. After you removed the wires from terminals and secured those using tapes, remove the baking element from the oven.
  3. 3 Buy a new baking element: Go to an appliance parts store with the bad baking element and the range model and manufacturer information. Buy a new identical baking element from the parts store. The sales person should be able to help you in finding a correct baking element. You can also buy the baking element from online stores.
  4. 4 Install the new baking element: Be sure to turn OFF power and the switches. Attach the wires to the new baking element using screws or connectors. Place the baking element assembly by pushing into its seating place. Secure the baking element firmly by tightening the mounting screws.
  5. 5 Test for functionality: Turn ON power to the range. Turn ON the switch for the baking element that has been replaced. If the baking element outputs heat normally, you are done with replacing the baking element correctly.