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How to Test Oven Temperature Control

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If the oven temperature control is a suspect in creating problems in your oven, you can follow the steps below to test the temperature control.

  1. 1 Take precaution: Turn off the power source by putting the control panel switch at OFF position or pulling out the fuse for the range. Unplug the power cord if there is any. Be absolutely sure that the range is not getting power by turning ON the switches for each heating element. With the power OFF and the switches of the elements ON, wait for about three minutes. Put your hand close to the heating elements; avoid touching the heating elements. You should not feel any heat if the power is OFF. Turn the switches at OFF position.
  2. 2 Access control panel: If there is not enough working space at the back side of the range, make space by pulling away the range from the wall. Be careful so that you do not damage the floor or the furniture. Controls are generally mounted at the back side of the range. Remove the screws from the back panel; make sure the back panel does not fall out. Remove the back panel using hands; be sure not to strain any wires.
  3. 3 Locate the suspected temperature control: The oven temperature control will be located behind the control knob or display. You can also trace the wire from the capillary tube to the temperature control.
  4. 4 Check the temperature control visually: Check all the terminals of the temperature control. If you see any sign of damage (discoloration, rust, corrosion, burned, etc), you need to replace the temperature control.
  5. 5 Prepare for testing the temperature control: Label all the wires connected to the temperature control. If you have access to a digital camera take a picture that shows details of wires and their terminals. This is to make sure that you can re-connect the wires correctly.
  6. 6 Test the temperature control using VOM: Find the terminals that you will use to perform continuity testing. If there are more than two terminals, you can refer to the wire diagram to find the two terminals that you need to use for testing. Turn power OFF and make sure the power is absolutely off. Set the VOM (volt-ohm-meter) for checking continuity (RX1). Disconnect wires from the temperature control. Set the temperature at a value higher than 300 degrees. Touch the two probes of VOM at terminals of the temperature control and note if the VOM shows continuity. Repeat the test for other temperatures one after another. If the temperature control fails to show continuity, then the temperature control is bad and you need to replace it.
  7. 7 Put all disconnected parts back in place: With power OFF, put all the wires and parts back to their original positions. If you opened the bad temperature control for testing, you may keep it disconnected for helping you in buying a new one. If there is any possibility that children or pets can go near the range while you are gone, you must make sure that no internal parts are exposed and the power is absolutely OFF.